Biodiversity and Climate

Discussions about climate must go hand in hand with discussions about the environment and hence biodiversity. This not only means looking at how to ensure biodiversity is maintained and promoted but also how nature itself can be a vital instrument in climate proofing the planet. Biodiversity is the core of COP15 in Montreal and was one of the main topics at COP27 in Egypt. A list of resources to better understand the climate-biodiversity nexus.

Addressing the nexus between biodiversity and climate change is about discussions on nature and nature based solutions. From ecosystem-based approaches to green infrastructure and urban greening, biodiversity holds the key to solving a wide range of climate-related issues. However, understanding the meaning behind umbrella terms such as nature based solutions is only the first step.

With one in four species currently under threat of extinction, part of the solution involves understanding which species are better equipped to adapt, and hence survive, so as to improve conservation efforts and policy choices.

Biodiversity has an intrinsic value in and of itself and part of that is tapping into the potential of natural capital, which at its core involves challenging our understanding of the relationship between economy, society, and the environment

Yet biodiversity is not just about jungles and pristine nature. It’s also about how we integrate nature into our cities and how we include biodiversity concerns into our agricultural industry, with concepts such as agrobiodiversity. Cities and societies of the future will require this. 

Programs that advance understanding of the links between species and community traits, ecological functions and ecosystem services – both on land and at sea – and how they are impacted by climate change are crucial and will require precise data and effective ecosystem management and monitoring.

Biodiversity is part of the solution. 



Does climate communication trigger actions and societal changes?

By Carolina Aragon and Ezra Markowitz

Sculptures made of data, fluctuating structures on the water, and an exploration of the
effects that climate art can have on people’s engagement. This is an example of how the scientific approach and the artistic process can bring us to a better understanding of how the climate is perceived by public opinion. An artist and a social scientist explain the way the art installation FutureSHORELINE integrates different perspectives and provides shared knowledge.


The Global Banking System is not Immune to Climate Change.

Climate change will have a growing influence on the stability of the banking system, potentially contributing to future financial crises. A new paper published in Nature highlights the detrimental effects of climate change on the banking system, adding to established literature on the effects of climate change on economic growth and productivity of labour. However, financial regulation authorities can act to reduce climate-related risks by implementing targeted measures.


Nature-based solutions

What if nature could provide wide-ranging solutions to the challenges we face as humans. From ecosystem-based approaches to green infrastructure and urban greening, understanding the true meaning of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) is the key to both protecting nature and increasing societal resistance to climate change.